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Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering is the primary branch of engineering concerned with the research, design, development, construction, testing, science and technology of aircraft and spacecraft. It is divided into two major and overlapping branches: aeronautical engineering and astronautical engineering. Aeronautics deals with aircraft that operate in Earth's atmosphere, and astronautics deals with spacecraft that operate outside the Earth's atmosphere. Founded by pioneers such as Konstantin Tsiolkovsky,the field reached its maturity with launching of first artificial satellite, first man in space and first step on the Moon.

 

Aerospace Engineering deals with the design, construction, and study of the science behind the forces and physical properties of aircraft, rockets, flying craft, and spacecraft. The field also covers their aerodynamic characteristics and behaviors, airfoil, control surfaces, lift, drag, and other properties.

 

Aeronautical engineering was the original term for the field. As flight technology advanced to include craft operating in outer space, the broader term "aerospace engineering" has largely replaced it in common usage.Aerospace engineering, particularly the astronautics branch, is often referred to colloquially as "rocket science", such as in popular culture.Some of the elements of aerospace engineering are-

 

Fluid mechanics – the study of fluid flow around objects. Specifically aerodynamics concerning the flow of air over bodies such as wings or through objects such as wind tunnels (see also lift and aeronautics).

 

Astrodynamics – the study of orbital mechanics including prediction of orbital elements when given a select few variables. While few schools in the United States teach this at the undergraduate level, several have graduate programs covering this topic (usually in conjunction with the Physics department of said college or university).

 

Statics and Dynamics (engineering mechanics) – the study of movement, forces, moments in mechanical systems.

 

Aircraft structures – design of the physical configuration of the craft to withstand the forces encountered during flight. Aerospace engineering aims to keep structures lightweight.

 

Aeroelasticity – the interaction of aerodynamic forces and structural flexibility, potentially causing flutter, divergence, etc.

 

Avionics – the design and programming of computer systems on board an aircraft or spacecraft and the simulation of systems.

 

Software – the specification, design, development, test, and implementation of computer software for aerospace applications, including flight software, ground control software, test & evaluation software, etc.

 

Aeroacoustics – the study of noise generation via either turbulent fluid motion or aerodynamic forces interacting with surfaces.

 

Flight test – designing and executing flight test programs in order to gather and analyze performance and handling qualities data in order to determine if an aircraft meets its design and performance goals and certification requirements.

 

Aerospace engineering  studied at the advanced diploma, bachelor's, master's, and Ph.D. levels in aerospace engineering departments at ukrainian universities, and in mechanical engineering departments at others. A few departments offer degrees in space-focused astronautical engineering.